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In fact, the risk of metabolic syndrome was 19-32% lower among Taiwanese who consumed animal products, than among those who were vegan, with the lowest relative risk among those who were fish eaters.
This study resonated with the Adventist Health Study report which also found no advantage of a vegan diet for reduction of risk of metabolic syndrome or other chronic disease patterns (MS). Shang et al. note that "This may be due to vegan diet further excludes fish, dairy products and egg, however the latter had more protective effect against on MS."
higher bone fracture risk among European vegans compared to non-vegans.
Taiwanese vegans also had a higher risk of low HDL cholesterol compared to pescovegetarians and non-vegetarians
This study is of particular interest because it has been asserted that low rates of chronic diseases among Chinese people are due to low intakes of animal products and that this implies that a diet lacking animal products is the best for reducing chronic disease risk. Apparently this study shows that ethnic Chinese in Taiwan are best protected from metabolic syndrome and possibly heart disease mortality if they include animal products in their diets.
In summary this study resonates with reports from the Adventist Health Study that have failed to find strong evidence that complete avoidance of animal products provides better health outcomes than omnivorous diets.